1. Posterior Implant Single-tooth Replacement and Status of Adjacent Teeth during a 10-year Period: A Retrospective Report. Misch CE, Misch-Dietsh F, Silc J, Barboza E, Cianciola EJ, Kazor C. J Periodontol. 2008 Dec;79(12):2378-2382.

2. A Bone-Quality Based Implant System: First Year Prosthetic Loading. Misch CE, Dietsh-Misch F, Hoar J, Beck G, Hazen R, Misch CM. J Oral Implantol. 1999;25(3):185-197.

3. A Prospective Multi-Center Clinical Investigation of a Bone Quality-Based Dental Implant System. Kline R, Hoar JE, Beck GH, Hazen R, Resnik RR, Crawford EA. Implant Dent. 2002;11(3):224-234. April 30-May 4, 1997. New Orleans, LA.

4. Initial Clinical Efficacy of 3-mm Implants Immediately Placed into Function in Conditions of Limited Spacing. Reddy MS, O'Neal SJ, Haigh S, Aponte-Wesson R, Geurs NC. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2008 Mar-Apr;23(2):281-288.

5. Immediate Functional and Non-functional Loading of Dental Implants: A 2- to 60-month Follow-up Study of 646 Titanium Implants. Degidi M, Piattelli A. J Periodontol. 2003 Feb;74(2):225-241.

6. Five-Year Prospective Study of Immediate/Early Loading of Fixed Prostheses in Completely Edentulous Jaws with a Bone Quality-Based Implant System. Misch CE, Degidi M. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2003 May;5(1):17-28.

7. Comparative Analysis of Immediate Functional Loading and Immediate Nonfunctional Loading to Traditional Healing Periods: A 5-Year Follow-Up of 550 Dental Implants. Degidi M, Iezzi G, Perrotti V, Piattelli A. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2008 Sep;9.

8. Endosteal Implants in the Edentulous Posterior Maxilla: Rationale and Clinical Report. Misch CE, Poitras Y, Dietsh-Misch F. Oral Health. 2000 Aug;8:7-16.

9. Augmentation of the Maxillary Sinus with Calcium Sulfate: One-Year Clinical Report from a Prospective, Longitudinal Study. De Leonardis D, Pecora GE. Int J Oral and Maxillofac Implants. 1999 Nov-Dec;14(6):869-878.

10. Short Dental Implants in Posterior Partial Edentulism: A Multicenter Retrospective 6-year Case Series Study. Misch CE, Steignga J, Barboza E, Misch-Dietsh F, Cianciola LJ, Kazor C. J Periodontol. 2006 Aug;77(8):1340-1347.

11. Human Histologic Evidence of a Connective Tissue Attachment to a Dental Implant. M Nevins, ML Nevins, M Camelo, JL Boyesen, DM Kim. International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry. Vol. 28, No. 2, 2008.

12. Clinical Evaluation of Laser Microtexturing for Soft Tissue and Bone Attachment to Dental Implants. Pecora GE, Ceccarelli R, Bonelli M, Alexander H, Ricci JL. Implant Dent. 2009 Feb;18(1):57-66.

13. The Effects of Laser Microtexturing of the Dental Implant Collar on Crestal Bone Levels and Peri-implant Health. Botos S, Yousef H, Zweig B, Flinton R, Weiner S. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011 May-Jun;26(3):492-8.

14. For a complete research summary, please see Laser-Lok Clinical Overview (BioHorizons document ML0606)

15. Radiographic Analysis of Crestal Bone Levels on Laser-Lok® Collar Dental Implants. CA Shapoff, B Lahey, P Wasserlauf, D Kim. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2010;30:129-137.

16. Functional Surface Area: Thread-Form Parameter Optimization for Implant Body Design. J.Todd Strong, Carl E. Misch, DDS, MDS, Martha W. Bidez, PhD, Prasad Nalluri. Compendium / Special Issue. Vol 19, No. 3, 1998.

17. Histologic and Histomorphometric Findings from Retrieved, Immediately Occlusally Loaded Implants in Humans. Romanos GE, Testori T, Degidi M, Piattelli A. J Periodontol. 2005 Nov;76(11):1823-1832.

18. Effects of Implant Thread Geometry on Percentage of Osseointegration and Resistance to Reverse Torque in the Tibia of Rabbits. Steigenga J, Al-Shammari K, Misch C, Nociti Jr. FH, Wang H-L. J Periodontol. 2004;75(9):1233-1241.

19. Preliminary evaluation of a new dental implant design in canine models. Bumgardner JD, Boring JG, Cooper RC Jr, Gao C, Givaruangsawat S, Gilbert JA, Misch CM, Steflik DE. Implant Dent. 2000;9(3):252-60.

20. Osseointegration on metallic implant surfaces: effects of microgeometry and growth factor treatment. SR Frenkel, J Simon, H Alexander, M Dennis, JL Ricci. J Biomed Res. 2002:63(6):706-13.

21. Initial clinical efficacy of 3-mm implants immediately placed into function in conditions of limited spacing. Reddy MS, O'Neal SJ, Haigh S, Aponte-Wesson R, Geurs NC. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2008 Mar-Apr;23(2):281-288.

22. Implant strength & fatigue testing done in accordance with ISO standard 14801.

23. The Impact of Loads on Standard Diameter, Small Diameter and Mini Implants: A Comparative Laboratory Study. Allum SR, Tomlinson RA, Joshi R. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. 2008 May;19(6):553-559.

24. Retrospective multicenter analysis of immediate provisionalization using one-piece narrow-diameter (3.0-mm) implants. Sohn DS, Bae MS, Heo JU, Park JS, Yea SH, Romanos GE. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011 Jan-Feb;26(1):163-8.

25. Adequate primary stability required.

26. Removing the abutment after initial placement may disrupt the connective tissue attachment.

27. Histologic evidence of a connective tissue attachment to laser microgrooved abutments: a canine study. M Nevins, DDS, DM Kim, DDS, DMSc, SH Jun, DDS, MS, K Guze, DMD, P Schupbach, PhD, ML Nevins, DMD, MMSc. Accepted for publication: IJPRD, Vol 30, Number 3, 2010.

28. Postoperative Complications Following Gingival Augmentation Procedures. Griffin T, Cheung W, Zavaras A, Damoulis P. Journal of Periodontology. December 2006.

29. Acellular Dermal Matrix for Mucogingival Surgery: A Meta-Analysis.R Gapski, CA Parks, HL Wang. J Periodontol. 2005;76 (11):1814-1822.

30. Reference manufacturer's Instructions for Use (IFU) package insert.

31. Acellular Dermal Matrix Graft as a Membrane for Guided Bone Regeneration: A Case Report. AB Novaes, SL Souza. Implant Dent. 2001;10(3):192-195.

32. Management of Localized Buccal Dehiscence Defect with Allografts and Acellular Dermal Matrix. Park, Sang-Hooh, Wang, Hom-Lay. The International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry. 2006;26:589-594.

33. Acellular Dermal Matrix as a Barrier in Guided Bone Regeneration: a Clinical, Radiographic and Histomorphometric Study in Dogs. Borges, G.J., Novaes, A.B. Jr, de Moraes Grisi, M.F., Palioto, D.B., Taba, M. Jr, de Souza, S.L.S. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. 2009.

34. Grafton DBM forms and Grafton Plus DBM Paste are FDA 510(k) cleared for use as a bone void filler, bone graft extender and bone graft substitute.

35. Histologic Analysis of Implant Sites after Grafting with Demineralized Bone matrix putty and sheets. Callan, D.P., Salked, S.L., Scarborough, N.L. Implant Dent.

36. Bone forming activity exhibited in this in vivo model should not be interpreted as a predictor of clinical performance.

37. A Resorbable, Reconstituted Type I Collagen Membrane for Guided Tissue Regeneration and Soft Tissue Augmentation. Yuen, D, Junchaya, C, Zuclich, G, Ulreich, J.B., Lin, Horng-Ban, Li, Shu-Ti. Society for Biomaterials. 2000;1228.

38. Prediction of In Vivo Stability of a Resorbable, Reconstituted Type I Collagen Membrane by In Vitro Methods. JB Ulreich, G Zuclich, HB Lin, ST Li. 2000 Society World Biomaterials Congress Transactions, Sixth World Biomaterials Congress Transactions.

39. The Effects of Laser Microtextured Collars Upon Crestal Bone Levels of Dental Implants. S Weiner, J Simon, DS Ehrenberg, B Zweig, JL Ricci. Implant Dentistry, Volume 17, Number 2, 2008. p. 217-228

40. Marginal Tissue Response to Different Implant Neck Design. HEK Bae, MK Chung, IH Cha, DH Han. J Korean Acad Prosthodont. 2008, Vol. 46, No. 6.

41. Bone Response to Laser Microtextured Surfaces. JL Ricci, J Charvet, SR Frenkel, R Change, P Nadkarni, J Turner and H Alexander. Bone Engineering (editor: JE Davies). Chapter 25. Published by Em2 Inc., Toronto, Canada. 2000.

42. Surface Topography Modulates Osteoblast Morphology. BD Boyan, Z Schwartz. Bone Engineering (editor: JE Davies). Chapter 21. Published by Em2 Inc., Toronto, Canada. 2000.

43. Effects of titanium surface topography on bone integration: a systematic review. A Wennerberg, T Albrektsson. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2009 Sep;20 Suppl 4:172-84.

44. Heat production by 3 implant drill systems after repeated drilling and sterilization. Chacon GE, Bower DL, Larsen PE, McGlumphy EA, Beck FM. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006 Feb;64(2):265-9.

45. Based on research of competitive data. Thread major is 3.0mm.